Fire Resistant Plant List

NEW!  Updated for 2017!

This is a curated list of common native and non-native fire safe plant species suitable to the climate Marin County, CA.  This list is not comprehensive - other suitable plants may be fire resistant.  These plants were carefully reviewed by fire, forestry, and botany experts, for their relative fire resistance.  These are preferred species for landscaping around homes in the Wildland Urban Interface.  These plants exhibit relatively more resistance to burning when exposed to fire.  To ensure fire-resistance, all plants on this list must be maintained in a living state, irrigated properly, and must be kept free of dead or dry twigs and material at all times.  Although they may be fire-resistant, known invasive species and some "water hogs" are excluded.

 Scientific NameCommon NameLifeformRecommendationNative
1 Acer spp. Maple Tree Preferred  
2 Achillea millefolium Yarrow Perennial Preferred X
3 Achillea tomentosa Woolly Yarrow Perennial, Cover Preferred  
4 Aeonium spp. Aeonium Perennial Preferred  
5 Agapanthus spp. Lily-of-the-Nile Perennial Preferred  
6 Agave spp. Agave Perennial Preferred  
7 Ajuga reptans Carpet Bugle Cover Preferred  
8 Aloe spp. Aloe Perennial Preferred  
9 Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine Perennial Preferred X
10 Arbutus unedo Strawberry Tree Tree Preferred  
11 Armeria maritima Common Thrift Cover Preferred X
12 Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger Perennial Preferred X
13 Berberis [Mahonia] aquifolium var. repens Creeping Mahonia Shrub Preferred X
14 Bergenia spp. Bergenia Perennial Preferred  
15 Brugmansia spp. Angel's Trumpet Shrub Preferred  
16 Carpenteria californica Bush Anemone Shrub Preferred  
17 Centaurea cineraria Dusty Miller Perennial Preferred  
18 Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-Summer Cover Preferred  
19 Ceratonia siliqua Carob Tree Preferred  
20 Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud Tree Preferred X
21 Cercocarpus betuloides Mountain Ironwood Tree Preferred X
22 Citrus species Citrus Tree Preferred  
23 Clinopodium [Satureja] douglasii Yerba Buena Perennial Preferred X
24 Coleonema aka "Diosma" Breath of Heaven Shrub Preferred  
25 Convulvus cneorum Bush Morning Glory Shrub Preferred  
26 Coprosma kirkii Creeping Coprosma Cover Preferred  
27 Coreopsis spp. Coreopsis Shrub Preferred  
28 Cotyledon spp. Cotyledon Perennial Preferred  
29 Crassula spp. Crassula Perennial Preferred  
30 Delosperma "Alba" White Trailing Iceplant Cover Preferred  
31 Dicentra formosa Western Bleeding Heart Perennial Preferred X
32 Dietes bicolor African Iris Perennial Preferred  
33 Dietes vegeta Fortnight Lily Perennial Preferred  
34 Drosanthemum sp. Rosea Ice Plant Cover Preferred  
35 Dudleya Dudleya or Cliff Lettuce Perennial Preferred  
36 Echeveria spp. Hen and Chicks Perennial Preferred  
37 Eounymus Fortunei coloratus Winter Creeper Cover Preferred  
38 Erigeron glaucus Beach Aster Cover Preferred X
39 Eriogonum spp. Wild Buckwheat Perennial Preferred X (some)
40 Eriophyllum confertiforum Golden Yarrow Perennial Preferred X
41 Eriophyllum stachaedifolium Lizardtail Perennial Preferred X
42 Erysimum capitatum Foothill Wallflower Perennial Preferred X
43 Erysimum linifolium Wallflower Perennial Preferred  
44 Escallonia spp. Escallonia Shrub Preferred  
45 Eschscholzia spp. California Poppy Perennial Preferred X
46 Fagus spp. Beech Tree Preferred  
47 Feijoa sellowiana Pineapple Guava Tree Preferred  
48 Festuca rubra Creeping Red Fescue Grass, Cover Preferred X (some)
49 Fragaria chiloensis Beach Strawberry Cover Preferred X
50 Fragaria vesca Wood Strawberry Cover Preferred X
51 Fraxinus spp. Ash Tree Preferred X (latifolia)
52 Grindelia stricta, camporum Coastal Wild Gum Perennial Preferred X
53 Hemerocallis hybrids Daylily Perennial Preferred  
54 Hesperaloe parviflora Red Yucca Perennial Preferred  
55 Heuchera maxima Island Alum Root Perennial Preferred  
56 Heuchera micrantha Coral Bells Perennial Preferred X
57 Iris douglasiana Douglas Iris Perennial Preferred X
58 Iris macrosiphon Ground Iris Perennial Preferred X
59 Iris spp. Iris Perennial Preferred  
60 Kniphofia uvaria Red Hot Poker (Torch Lily) Perennial Preferred  
61 Lampranthus spp. Bush Ice Plant Cover Preferred  
62 Lantana montevidensis Lantana Shrub Preferred  
63 Lavandula spp. Lavender Shrub Preferred  
64 Lavatera assurgentiflora Malva Rose (Tree Mallow) Shrub Preferred  
65 Iberis sempervirens Evergreen Candytuft Cover Preferred  
66 Liriope gigantea Giant Turf Lily Cover Preferred  
67 Lonicera hispidula Pink Honeysuckle Vine Preferred X
68 Lupinus spp. Lupine Perennial Preferred X (some)
69 Macadamia hybrids Macadamia Nut Tree Preferred  
70 Metrosideros excelsus New Zealand Christmas Tree Tree Preferred  
71 Mimulus spp. Monkey Flower Perennial, Shrub Preferred X (some)
72 Monardella villosa Coyote Mint Perennial Preferred X
73 Nolina spp. Nolina (related to Yucca) Shrub Preferred  
74 Oenothera berlandieri Mexican Evening Primrose Perennial Preferred  
75 Pelargonium peltatum Ivy Geranium Cover Preferred  
76 Penstemon spp. Beard Tongue Perennial Preferred X (some)
77 Phyla nodiflora Common Lippia Cover Preferred X
78 Pistacia chinensis Chinese Pistache Tree Preferred  
79 Polystichum munitum Sword Fern Perennial Preferred X
80 Portulacaria afra "Variegata" Elephant's Foot Perennial Preferred  
81 Potentilla neumanniana Alpine Cinquefoil Cover Preferred  
82 Prunus lyonii Catalina Cherry Shrub Preferred  
83 Punica granatum Pomegranate Shrub Preferred  
84 Quercus spp. Oaks Tree, Shrub Preferred X (some)
85 Ranunculus californica Buttercup Perennial Preferred X
86 Rhapiolepis spp. India Hawthorn Shrub Preferred  
87 Rhododendron (Azalea) spp. Rhododendrons and Azaleas Shrub Preferred X (some)
88 Rhus integrifolia Lemonade Berry Shrub Preferred  
89 Rhus lancea African Sumac Tree Preferred  
90 Romneya coulteri Matilija Poppy Perennial Preferred  
91 Rosa banksiae Lady Banks' Rose Vine Preferred  
92 Santolina chamaecyparissus Lavender Cotton Shrub, Cover Preferred  
93 Santolina virens Green Lavender Cotton Cover Preferred  
94 Sedum sp. Stonecrop Cover Preferred X (some)
95 Senecio serpens, mandralisce, vitalis Blue chalksticks Cover Preferred  
96 Sidalcea malviflora Checkerbloom Perennial Preferred X
97 Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba Shrub Preferred  
98 Sisyrinchium bellum Blue-eyed Grass Perennial Preferred X
99 Sisyrinchium californicum Yellow-eyed Grass Perennial Preferred X
100 Sisyrinchium spp. Blue-Eyed Grasses Perennial Preferred X (some)
101 Solanum jasminoides Potato Vine Vine Preferred  
102 Solanum xanti Purple Nightshade Shrub Preferred X
103 Stachys byzantina Lamb's Ears Perennial Preferred  
104 Strelitzia reginae Bird of Paradise Perennial, Shrub Preferred  
105 Symphiotrichum [Aster] chilensis Wild Aster Perennial Preferred X
106 Symphoricarpos mollis Creeping Snowberry Vine Preferred X
107 Tecomaria capensis Cape Honeysuckle Vine Preferred  
108 Thymus praecox arcticus Creeping Thyme Cover Preferred  
109 Toxicoscordion [Zigadenus] fremontii Star Lily Perennial Preferred X
110 Trachelospermum jasminoides Star Jasmine Shrub Preferred  
111 Triteleia [Brodiaea] laxa Grass Nut Perennial Preferred X
112 Tulbaghia violocea Society Garlic Perennial Preferred  
113 Vaccinium corymbosum Blueberry Shrub Preferred  
114 Verbena peruviana Perennial Verbena Cover Preferred  
115 Yucca spp. Yucca Shrub Preferred  
116 Zauschneria californica California Fuchsia Perennial Preferred X


*plant no closer than 30’ from structures.  All plants on this list should be properly irrigated according tho the individual species' needs, and must be maintained free of dead twigs and leaves in order to remain fire-resistant.  Drought stressed plants, or plants with dead twigs and leaves, can burn during a wildfire, regardless of species.

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