Plants starting with C

California Bay

California Bay

Umbellularia californica

Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests of California and slightly extended into the state of Oregon. It is endemic to the California Floristic Province. It is the sole species in the genus Umbellularia.

The bay tree, like so many others, will develop differently depending upon the conditions in which it is growing. When found on drier hillsides, it is generally smaller, with yellower leaves and smaller nuts. In a canyon with its roots in plentiful water and rich soil, the leaves will be thinner and darker green and whole tree, nuts and leaves will generally be larger.

Because of its thin bark, the tree is easily top-killed by fire, but it sprouts rapidly. Dense clumps are often formed on cutover land, which may prevent the establishment of desired conifers.

  • California Bay
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • California Bay

California Buckwheat

California Buckwheat

Erigonum fasciculatum
  • California Buckwheat
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: No
  • California Buckwheat

California Fuchsia

Zauschneria californica
  • California Fuchsia
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

California Poppy

Eschscholzia spp.
  • California Poppy
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Camelia

Camellia spp.
  • Camelia
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cape Honeysuckle

Tecomaria capensis
  • Cape Honeysuckle
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cape Plumbago

Plumbago auriculata
  • Cape Plumbago
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Carob

Ceratonia siliqua
  • Carob
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Carob

Ceratonia siliqua
  • Carob
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Carolina Laurel Cherry

Carolina Laurel Cherry

Prunus caroliniana

General Notes

Carolina Laurel Cherry is grown as an evergreen shrub or tree standard, favored for its shiny green foliage. However, the flower and fruit litter is a problem in paved areas, and it may reseed unwantedly. It withstands heat, dryness and wind, and is quite durable once established. Variety Compacta generally grows 8-10' tall. It may require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain its height below 25'.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Southeastern United States.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

CAROLINA LAUREL CHERRY, CHERRY LAUREL

Tree Characteristics

Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Conical or Oval Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 30 feet.

Width: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Black Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter, Spring or Summer.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Oak Root Fungus. Susceptible to Scales, Fire Blight, Root Rot, Rust, Gummosis and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Hedged or Topiary.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus caroliniana Tree Record." 1995-2017. May 4, 2017.
http://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-caroliniana

  • Carolina Laurel Cherry
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No
  • Carolina Laurel Cherry

Carpet Bugle

Ajuga reptans
  • Carpet Bugle
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Catalina Cherry

Prunus lyonii
  • Catalina Cherry
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cedars

Cedars

Cedrus spp.
  • Cedars
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: No
  • Cedars

Chamise, Greasewood

Chamise, Greasewood

Adenostoma fasciculatum
Adenostoma fasciculatum is a flowering plant native to Oregon, Nevada, California, and northern Baja California. This shrub is one of the most widespread plants of the chaparral biome. This plant is a major component of the chaparral and is holding the soil on the hillsides in California. Chamise also protects the soil after fires as it crown sprouts back from the base. A good understory plant that grows well under chamise, with a nice mulch of chamise leaves and twigs, is Viola pedunculata.
  • Chamise, Greasewood
  • Recommendation: Remove
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chamise, Greasewood

Chaparral Pea

Chaparral Pea

Pickeringia montana
  • Chaparral Pea
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chaparral Pea

Checkerbloom

Sidalcea malviflora
  • Checkerbloom
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Cherry Laurel

Cherry Laurel

Prunus caroliniana
  • Cherry Laurel
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No
  • Cherry Laurel

Chinese Pistache

Pistacia chinensis
  • Chinese Pistache
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Chinquapin, Giant

Chinquapin, Giant

Chrysolepis chrysophylla
  • Chinquapin, Giant
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Chinquapin, Giant

Citrus

Citrus spp.
  • Citrus
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Citrus

Citrus species
  • Citrus
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Coastal Sagebrush

Coastal Sagebrush

Artemisia californica
  • Coastal Sagebrush
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: Yes
  • Coastal Sagebrush

Coastal Wild Gum

Grindelia stricta, camporum
  • Coastal Wild Gum
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Common Lippia

Phyla nodiflora
  • Common Lippia
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Common Thrift

Armeria maritima
  • Common Thrift
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Coral Bells

Heuchera micrantha
  • Coral Bells
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Coreopsis

Coreopsis spp.
  • Coreopsis
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

  • Cornelian Cherry, Sorbet
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cotyledon

Cotyledon spp.
  • Cotyledon
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Coyote Brush

Coyote Brush

Baccharis spp.

Baccharis pilularis, called coyote brush (or bush), chaparral broom, and bush baccharis, is a shrub in the daisy family native to California, Oregon, Washington, and Baja California. The plants are found in a variety of habitats, from coastal bluffs, oak woodlands, and grasslands, including on hillsides and in canyons, below 2,000 feet (610 m).

Coyote brush is known as a secondary pioneer plant in communities such as coastal sage scrub and chaparral. It does not regenerate under a closed shrub canopy because seedling growth is poor in the shade. Coast live oak, California bay, Rhus integrifolia, and other shade producing species replace coastal sage scrub and other coyote bush-dominated areas, particularly when there hasn't been a wildfire or heavy grazing.

In California grasslands, it comes in late and invades and increases in the absence of fire or grazing. Coyote bush invasion of grasslands is important because it helps the establishment of other coastal sage species.

Fire Resistant?

Coyote brush (Baccharis pilularis) is only moderately fire resistant when it is young and green.  After 2-5 years, most coyote brush builds up an increasing amount of dead, woody material that is highly combustible.  This buildup is nature's way of encouraging fires, which Coyote brush depends on to regenerate.

As with many plants, it can be maintained in a state of relatively low combustibility, however due to the high maintenance and irrigation requirements, FIRESafe MARIN and our panel of experts consider it a fire-prone does not recommend it within 30' of any structures.  Beyond 30', it should be maintained well spaced, as single specimens, and cut back regularly to remove deadwood and encourage new, green growth.

  • Coyote Brush
  • Recommendation: Avoid
  • Fire Resistance: Low
  • Native: Yes
  • Coyote Brush

Coyote Mint

Monardella villosa
  • Coyote Mint
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Crassula

Crassula spp.
  • Crassula
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Creeping Coprosma

Coprosma kirkii
  • Creeping Coprosma
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Creeping Mahonia

Berberis [Mahonia] aquifolium var. repens
  • Creeping Mahonia
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

  • Creeping Red Fescue
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes
  • Creeping Red Fescue

Creeping Snowberry

Symphoricarpos mollis
  • Creeping Snowberry
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: Yes

Creeping Thyme

Thymus praecox arcticus
  • Creeping Thyme
  • Recommendation: Prefer
  • Fire Resistance: Very Good
  • Native: No

Cypress

Cypress

Cupressus spp.

They are evergreen trees or large shrubs. The leaves are scale-like, arranged in opposite decussate pairs, and persist for three to five years. On young plants up to two years old, the leaves are needle-like. The cones are long, globose or ovoid with four to 14 scales arranged in opposite decussate pairs; they are mature in 18-24 months from pollination. The seeds are small, 4-7 mm long, with two narrow wings, one along each side of the seed.

Many of the species are adapted to fire, holding their seeds for many years in closed cones until the parent trees are killed by a fire; the seeds are then released to colonise the bare, burnt ground. In other species, the cones open at maturity to release the seeds.

The fast-growing hybrid Leyland cypress, often found in gardens, draws one of its parents from this genus (Monterey cypress C. macrocarpa).

  • Cypress
  • Recommendation: Remove
  • Fire Resistance: Poor
  • Native: No
  • Cypress

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