FIRESafe MARIN and the University of California Cooperative Extension published a comprehensive list of Fire Prone ("pyrophytic") and Fire Resistant plants for landscaping in 1998.  This list, relevant to Marin County and much of northern California, has become a model for local agencies, fire prevention programs, landscapers, and fire-safe councils.

pdfDownload "Pyrophytic vs. Fire Resistant Plants"1.31 MB

Fire Resistant Plants

Common native and non-native firesafe plant species in Marin County, CA.

Species (scientific name)

Common Name

Shade Tolerant

 

Agapanthus

Dwarf lily-of-the-Nile

Liriope

Lily turf

Vinca minor

Dwarf periwinkle

Herbs

 

Galium odoratum

Sweet woodruff

Lavandula angustifolia

English lavender

Rosmarinus officinalis*

Tuscan blue' rosemary *(when irrigated and maintained free of dead material)

Salvia chameadryoides

Sage

Teucrium chamaedrys

Germander

Thymus serpyllum

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris 'Argenteus'

Silver thyme

 

 

Drought Tolerant

 

Achillea millefolium

Common yarrow

Ceanothus 'concha'

Wild lilac

Ceanothus maritimus

Maritime ceanothus

Cistus purpureus

Orchid rockrose

Dietes fortnight

Llily

Lavandula dentata

French lavender

Limonium perezii statice

Sea lavender

Ribes viburnifolium

Catalina perfume

Solanum jasminoides

Potato vine

Tecomaria capensis

Cape honeysuckle

 

 

California Natives

 

Carpenteria californica

Bush anemone

Eschscholzia californica

California poppy

Fremontodendron californica

Common flannel bush

Mahonia repens

Creeping mahonia

Mimulus longiflorus

Monkey flower

Polystichum munitum

Sword fern

Ribes sanguineum currant

Pink winter currant, red flowering currant

Salvia clevelandii

Sage

Salvia sonomensis

Sage

Zauschneria californica

California fuschia

 

 

Perennials

 

Ajuga reptans

Carpet bugle

Chrysanthemum maximum

Shasta daisy

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower

Prunus florabunda 'Robinson'

Flowering cherry

Rhododendron

Azalea

Rosa florabunda

Rose

Rudbeckia fulgida

Black-eyed susan

Teucrium cossoni

Germander

 

 

Shrubs and Groundcovers

 

Erigeron karvinskianus fleabane

Santa Barbara daisy

Festuca glauca

Fescue

Iris douglasiana

Douglas iris

Kniphofia uvaria 'DWF'

Red-hot poker, torch-lily

Lantana camara

Lantana

Lavandula angustifolia

English lavender

Rhamnus californica

Coffeeberry

Santolina virens

Santolina

 

 

Hedges and Screens

 

Acer ginnala 

Amur Maple 

Afrocarpus gracilior 

Fern Pine 

Arbutus unedo 

Strawberry Tree 

Camellia japonica 

Camelia

Carissa grandiflora 

Natal Plum 

Ceritonia siliqua 

Carob

Citrus species 

Lemons, Limes, Oranges, etc. 

Cocculus laurifolius 

Cocculus

Cornus mas 

Cornelian Red, Sorbet 

Cornus stolonifera 

Red-Osier Dogwood 

Crataegus phaenopyrum 

Washington Thorn 

Elaegnus angustifolia 

Russian Olive (no longer recommended due to invasive status)

Elaegnus pungens 

Silverberry

Eriobotrya japonica 

Loquat

Escallonia rubra 

Escallonia

Eugenia species 

Eugenia

Euonymus species 

Euonymous

Feijoa sellowiana 

Pineapple Guava 

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 

Tropical Hibiscus 

Hibiscus Syriacus 

Rose of Sharon 

Ligustrum lucidum 

Glossy Privet 

Ligustrum species 

Privet

Magnolia species 

Little Gem Magnolia

Malus species 

Apple

Myoporum laetum 

Myoporum (no longer recommended due to invasive status)

Myrica californica 

Pacific Wax Myrtle 

Nerium oleander 

Oleander

Olea europaea 

Swan Hill Olive (no longer recommended due to invasive status)

Osmanthus fragrans 

Sweet Olive 

Photiniax fraseri 

Photinia

Pittosporum crassifolium 

Karo

Pittosporum tobira 

Mock Orange Pittosporum 

Pittosporum undulatum 

Victorian Box 

Plumbago auriculaata 

Cape Plumbago 

Podocarpus macrophyllus 

"Yew" Tree 

Prunus caroliniana 

Cherry Larel 

Prunus ilicifolia 

Hollyleaf Cherry 

Prunus laurocerasus 

English Laurel 

Pyrus kawakamii 

Evergreen Pear 

Rhamnus species 

Buckthorn

Rhododendron species 

Azalea, Rhododendrons 

Vaccinium species 

Blueberry* 

Viburnum tinus 

Viburnum* 

Xylosma congestum 

Xylosma

 

*plant no closer than 30’ from structures.  All plants on this list should be properly irrigated according tho the individual species' needs, and must be maintained free of dead twigs and leaves in order to remain fire-resistant.  Drought stressed plants, or plants with dead twigs and leaves, can burn during a wildfire, regardless of species.